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Bloat - Gastric Dilation-Volvulus (GDV)
This is an extremely serious first aid situation. It occurs when the stomach becomes enlarged through a build-up of gas and then twists along its long axis.
Gas then continues to build up because both entry and exit points in the stomach are blocked. This usually causes a very sudden, rapid onset of clinical signs.
GDV principally affects large breed, deep-chested dogs. For example: Irish Wolfhounds, Spinones, Chow Chows, Irish Setters etc. However any dog, including the Labrador can be affected. In fact, Robbie, my black Lab is prone to eating rapidly. Before I got him a Go Slower bowl we had an incident that caused him to get a very gassy tum. Had I not been able to recognise the signs, things may have turned out very differently!
• Dogs that eat food rapidly are more highly represented
• Exercising too quickly before and especially after a meal – typically bloat is seen when dogs have been exercised 1 hour before and 1 hour after being fed
• The anatomy of the large, deep-chested breeds mean that they are more prone to this condition.
• Restlessness in the early stages
• Abdominal pain
• Retching (but unable to vomit because the stomach has twisted)
• Salivating (due to the nausea)
• Distended stomach (although this may be difficult to see in deep-chested breeds)
• Rapid, weak pulse rate
• Rapid respiration rate
• Very severe hypovolaemic shock
Whilst these are the typical signs, not all dogs show every symptom. If you are in the least bit worried CALL THE VET.
• IMMEDIATE veterinary attention
• This condition commonly occurs in an evening after the dog has had its meal. Fatalities are common because owners do not like to call the vet out of normal working hours. DO NOT DELAY contacting your vet no matter what time it is
• Once at the vets, the veterinary surgeon will need to give emergency treatment. This involves stabilising the dog with drugs and intra-venous fluid therapy, decompressing the stomach to release the gas followed by surgery to anchor the stomach back to the correct position.
• Do not exercise a dog 1 hour before or 1 hour after feeding
• Use a “Go Slower” food bowl for dogs that gulp down their food quickly
• It has been suggested that raising the food bowl may help prevent the dog taking in too much gas during feeding. Special bowl stands are available.
Caroline Clark is a consultant in animal behaviour counselling. If you’d like to learn about how to deal with other life- saving canine emergencies visit https://www.peteducationandtraining.co.uk/course/first-aid-for-dogs/